Monday, July 31, 2006

Behind the Veil

There is the evident
and the unseen, the
yet to be revealed.

Pic courtesy of Ana Chan
@ maybealiensarebetter
anata wa kwaii desu ...


Foundational questioners announced
post by Sean Carroll @ cosmicvariance

String of teardrops by Anup Kumar Yana @ xtremecolors

Strings of teardrops turn to light rain
raindrops to wash away sadness & pain
Whilst many search and search in vain
others harvest the rich & golden grain

Words by Quasar9
Quote of the Day: The fewer the facts,
the stronger the opinion.
Arnold H. Glasow more Famous Quotes

Saturday, July 29, 2006

Light as a feather

Super-Kamiokande nobelprize physics pic from Sabene Hossenfelder @ Backreaction

Most promising future LHC discovery by JoAnne @ cosmic variance
Emergence point in spacetime by Plato @ eskesthai blogspot
Quantum Field Theory: discuss what is false vacuum by Plato
Quark Gluon Plasma simulations by Stefan Scherer @ Backreaction

Albino Peacock by xtremecolors

Quote of the Day: When all is said and done,
more is said than done. Lou Holtz more Famous Quotes _________________________________________________________

Friday, July 28, 2006


Welcome to the mirror world, in which every particle in the known universe could have a counterpart. This cosmos would hold mirror planets, mirror stars, and even mirror life.


Alice & the Cosmic Ballet, Now meet Higgins by Plato

Seeing SUSY - desperately seeking Sushie
All current major high-energy collider experiments are desperately seeking SUSY and/or extra dimensions. One of the crucial searches is for a Higgs boson: SUSY suggests that one might well be visible at CERN's LEP electron-positron collider. Future collider experiments are also gearing up to look for new particles. The Fermilab Tevatron will resume the sparticle and Higgs searches after LEP is retired, and has quite good prospects. In the longer run, the LHC is expected to produce Higgs bosons and any supersymmetric particles. It will also be able to probe for extra dimensions at shorter scales than any previous experiments. There is optimism that the next generation of collider experiments will break out of the SM straitjacket. The issue of the cosmological constant - the energy density of free space - has been the most striking problem in quantum field theory for many years. Experimentally, it has long been known that it is very close to zero. According to the latest observations a (very) small non-zero value is now preferred, and this is further supported by cosmic microwave background observations by the BOOMERANG and MAXIMA collaborations. However, the result of theoretical calculations in quantum field theory is naturally a number at least 60 orders of magnitude bigger. SUSY has long held out the promise of a resolution to this dilemma, but so far has not been able to claim a solution. However, many new ideas of how to approach this problem are also suggested by brane theories and were discussed at SUSY2K.

Extra dimensions
Models predict The world we experience is complemented by extra (but to us invisible) spatial dimensions. These models have the common feature that our SM world is realized as localized degrees of freedom living on a generalized 3-spatial-dimensional membrane ("3-brane") embedded in a universe possessing a larger number of dimensions. In this approach, it is possible that the fundamental scale of gravity might be the TeV scale, rather than the embarrassingly distant Planck scale (1019 GeV), potentially eliminating the hierarchy problem (see "Particles and sparticles"). This requires a fundamental rethinking of cosmology and the high-energy behaviour of SM physics. Many questions are being reformulated in terms of the geometry of the extra dimensions - their sizes and shapes, and the fields localized on them. In the same way that general relativity introduced geometry as the natural explanation of gravity, so concepts of geometry and locality replace the ideas of symmetry usually used in field theory. Superstring theory naturally incorporates such branes and gives, at least in toy models, explicit realizations of the brane-world idea. One major question is the radiative stability of such models - that their predictions are compatible with accompanying virtual quantum effects. Without SUSY, the apparently haphazard hierarchy of the different forces of nature, with each force having very different associated mass scales, is not stable (or rather requires fine tuning). SUSY can take care of this problem, and new light may be cast by brane physics. At the moment there are two main approaches to the construction of extra-dimensional models. Originally, it was thought that the geometry of the extra coordinates should be distinct from our space - the universe at large could be viewed as the product of two spaces. In this case, a solution to the hierarchy problem requires large extra dimensions and quantum gravity physics at the TeV scale. In a more recent approach, highly-curved geometries have been proposed, which tightly constrain the brane in which we live. In this very different geometry, gravity is concentrated away from our world, explaining its observed weakness for us. Both schemes have very specific signatures for experiments at high-energy colliders.

Particles and sparticles
Standard Model (SM) particles come off the shelf in two kinds - fermions (matter particles) such as quarks, electrons, muons, etc.) and bosons (force carriers) such as photons, gluons, Ws and Zs. A feature of SUSY is that every matter particle (quark, electron...) has a boson counterpart (squark, selectron...) and every force carrier (photon, gluon) has a fermion counterpart (photino, gluino, chargino, neutralino...). This doubling of the spectrum is due to the fact that SUSY is a quantum-mechanical enhancement of the properties and symmetries of the space-time of our everyday experience - such as translations, rotations and Lorentz boosts. SUSY introduces a new form of dimension - one that is only defined quantum mechanically, and does not possess the classical properties we associate with a new dimension, such as continuous "extent". The doubling of the particle population can fix several of the problems afflicting today's SM, for instance why the different forces - gravity, electromagnetism, weak and strong - appear to operate at such vastly different and apparently arbitrary scales (the "hierarchy problem"). The extra particles provided by SUSY are also natural candidates for exotica such as the missing "dark matter" of the universe.

Mass communication
Many attractive new communication mechanisms for SUSY breaking were reviewed at the SUSY2K conference. In "archetypal" SUSY breaking, gravity takes on the role of communicating between the SUSY breaking sector and the conventional world, and, until recently, this gravity-mediated SUSY breaking was considered as the most plausible possibility. However, during the last few years many innovative new mechanisms have been proposed - "gauge mediation" (with heavy messenger particles communicating the breaking), "anomaly mediation" (via symmetries that are broken at the quantum but not at the classical level), and "gaugino mediation" (when the SUSY partners of the SM gauge bosons take on the mediating role). These different mechanisms have characteristic mass spectra and experimental signatures. Supersymmetry might not manifest itself as neutrino-like invisible events detectable only through "missing" energy, but in several other ways, for example in events producing additional photons or stable charged particles, or models with supersymmetric particles that are nearly degenerate in mass. Experiments at LEP and elsewhere have been looking for these various possibilities, but without any luck so far (see "Particles and sparticles" below).

Supersymmetry Physics on (and off) the brane
For all its spectacular experimental successes, the Standard Model (SM) fails to give us solutions to such basic problems as why there are three copies (generations) of quarks and leptons, why there are three different gauge forces (the strong, weak and electromagnetic, with differing strengths), and how gravity should be included in a consistent quantum theory along with the gauge forces. Supersymmetry (SUSY) is the leading contender for physics beyond the SM. Although SUSY has been around for some time and has so far had no direct experimental support, indirect experimental hints and progress in understanding the theoretical possibilities allowed for in a SUSY world have led to a new feeling of excitement. With these new ideas on the market, the Supersymmetry 2000 (SUSY2K) conference, held recently at CERN, attracted a large crowd and showed how the new SUSY ideas can help. SUSY makes precise predictions for the quantum numbers and selection rules for many new particles. What is much more difficult is predicting the masses of these additional supersymmetric particles. The reason for this is that SUSY must be a so-called "broken" or hidden symmetry, and the mechanism of communication of SUSY breaking to the SM and its superpartners is inevitably indirect, not well constrained, and is poorly understood. As a comparison, the unification of weak and electromagnetic gauge forces in the electroweak sector is also "broken" or hidden - with the Higgs mechanism leading to very different masses for the electromagnetic photon and the W and Z carriers of the weak force. For SUSY, such a direct coupling to the sector that breaks SUSY (analogous to the direct coupling of the electroweak force to the Higgs) is not possible, because such a coupling leads to sum rules for the masses of the unobserved superpartners (see box) that are definitively excluded. Thus an indirect communication of SUSY breaking must be employed

Picture Dark Energy Harvard

Dark matter
If SUSY is correct then it would have played an important role in the Big Bang. For example, SUSY might have played a role in the generation of the observed matter in the universe. However, one of the most important issues is that of possible SUSY remnants of the Big Bang, which could play the role of the invisible "dark matter" known to pervade our universe. One of the most attractive features of SUSY is that it provides quite naturally a candidate, the "neutralino". Experimental searches for such particle dark matter are just beginning to reach the range suggested by theory. However, SUSY must also contend with the strong upper limits on various unwanted supersymmetric particles such as gravitinos. SUSY2K showed that supersymmetry is assured of an exciting future.

Original Text from CERN courier
Picture: wmc by William M Connolley stoat @ scienceblogs

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Thursday, July 27, 2006

Hard Core Soft Centre

Purple Sea Urchin Egg National Science Foundation

A light microscope image of a purple sea urchin
(Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) egg after fertilization. The outer circle area is called the vitellien layer. Purple sea urchins may be found on rocky bottoms and grazing intertidal and subtidal waters. They feed primarily on algae and brown kelp.
Within an atom, electrons surround a nucleus composed of protons and neutrons in an electron configuration.
When electrons and positrons collide, they annihilate each other and produce pairs of high energy photons or other particles. On the other hand, high-energy photons may transform into an electron and a positron by a process called pair production, but only in the presence of a nearby charged particle, such as a nucleus.


Loch Kenmore - Scotland photo source unlisted

Everything in the Universe
has the potential to be one thing or another
Egg >>>>>> Male or female
Light >>>>> Particle or Waves
Liquid >>>> Solid or Gaseous

Sublimation of an element or substance is a conversion between the solid and the gas phases with no intermediate liquid stage. Sublimation is a phase transition that occurs at temperatures and pressures below the triple point
At normal
pressures, most chemical compounds and elements possess three different states at different temperatures. In these cases the transition from the solid to the gaseous state requires an intermediate liquid state. However, for some elements or substances at some pressures the material may transition directly from solid to the gaseous state. Note that the pressure referred to here is the vapor pressure of the substance, not the total pressure of the entire system.
opposite of sublimation is deposition. The formation of frost is an example of meteorological deposition.

Ice Jets Stream

The ice jets of Enceladus send particles streaming into space hundreds of kilometers above the south pole of this spectacularly active moon. Some of the particles escape to form the diffuse E ring around Saturn.
Boosting the Signal Full-Resolution: PIA08226
July 21, 2006. For more information about:
the Cassini-Huygens mission visit .
The Cassini imaging team homepage is at .
Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute


Thanks to data from a number of instruments on the Cassini spacecraft during three encounters with Enceladus in 2005, cryovolcanism, where water and other volatiles are the materials erupted instead of silicate rock, has been discovered on Enceladus.

The combined analysis of imaging, mass spectrometry, and magnetospheric data suggests that the observed south polar plume emanates from pressurized sub-surface chambers, similar to geysers on Earth. [1]

Because no ammonia was found in the vented material by INMS or UVIS, which could act as an anti-freeze, such a heated, pressurized chamber would consist of nearly pure liquid water with a temperature of at least 270 K. Pure water would require more energy to melt, either from tidal or radiogenic sources, than an ammonia-water mixture.

Another possible method for generating a plume is sublimation of warm surface ice. During the July 14, 2005 flyby, the Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) found a warm region near the South Pole. Temperatures found in this region range from 85-90 K, to small areas with temperatures as high as 157 K, much too warm to be explained by solar heating, indicating that parts of the south polar region are heated from the interior of Enceladus. [5]

Ice at these temperatures is warm enough to sublimate at a much faster rate than the background surface, thus generating a plume. This hypothesis is attractive since the sub-surface layer heating the surface water ice could be an ammonia-water slurry at temperatures as low as 170 K, and thus not as much energy is required to produce the plume activity. However, the abundance of particles in the south polar plume favors the "cold geyser" model, as opposed to an ice sublimation model. [1]

Source: wikipedia Enceladus
More on Enceladus, Saturn's Rings & Moons
by Louise Riofrio @ riofriospacetime

Wednesday, July 26, 2006

Aliens on land

Macquarie Island
Marine park
aus gov coasts

Ocean acidification

Scientists are becoming increasingly worried about ocean acidification, a direct result of the increase in atmospheric CO2 levels.

On 30 June 2005, the Royal Society of London published a Report on why this is important:
carbon dioxide from the atmosphere dissolves in the ocean, and makes it acid. This is inevitable with high carbon dioxide, no fancy models are involved. The oceans are already 30% more acid that before fossil fuel burning started. Acidification will (can) kill corals, and probably make many other species (like squid) extinct.

The overall effects are unknown - there has been no period like this in the last 2 Million years The UK Royal Society has commented that "the effects of ocean acidifcation have potentially catastrophic consequences for marine life" .

There is an equilibrium between atmospheric CO2 and the CO2 dissolved in seawater: as atmospheric levels increase, so do the levels of CO2 dissolved in the ocean waters, especially in the surface waters where most ocean life flourishes. The dissolved CO2 reacts with the seawater to form carbonic acid (H2CO3), increasing the water acidify (i.e. reducing pH). The exact results of this are unknown, but are potentially disasterous as common marine organisms, such as the fishes we use as food, may be unable to survive.

It is important to note that the issue of seawater acidification is not related to global warming - there is no dispute about the reality of ocean acidification, only about the consequences.

Ocean acidification potentially represents a gigantic problem for the world. Many of the marine species we rely on to eat could well disappear. In cartoon terms, you could say people should prepare to change their tastes, and switch from cod and chips, to jellyfish and chips. (The Independent)

Ocean acidifcation could change the ocean ecosystems, driving our marine food species to extinction. It is essential to reduce atmospheric CO2, even if you do not believe in climate change !

Carbon Capture and Storage Edinburgh University
Energy Policy Jacques Distler's Musings
Aspen Centre for Physics Energy Forum
At the other Monastery by Clifford
Quote of the Day: Prediction is very difficult,
especially if it's about the future. Niels Bohr
more Famous Quotes

Monday, July 24, 2006

White lightning

by Dolores Marat

Some people create beauty & art.
Some people are just more beautiful.

Sandy and her husband Phil are active with Thoroughbred Retirement Foundation. Founded over two decades ago the Thoroughbred Retirement Foundation's mission is clear and simply stated: To save Thoroughbred horses no longer able to compete on the racetrack from possible neglect abuse and slaughter.
For more visit: Life with Horses

Belles Images by zimages-zimages Paris, France.

Sunday, July 23, 2006

Viscous Solids

Glass can be made
transparent and flat,
or into other shapes
and colours as shown
in this ball from the
Verrerie of Brehat
in Brittany.

wikipedia Glass
In recent experiments, physicists have replicated
conditions of the infant universe--with startling results
By Michael Riordan and William A. Zajc

A Perfect Surprise
The physical picture emerging from the four experiments is consistent and surprising. The quarks and gluons indeed break out of confinement and behave collectively, if only fleetingly. But this hot mélange acts like a liquid, not the ideal gas theorists had anticipated.

The energy densities achieved in head-on collisions between two gold nuclei are stupendous, about 100 times those of the nuclei themselves--largely because of relativity. As viewed from the laboratory, both nuclei are relativistically flattened into ultrathin disks of protons and neutrons just before they meet. So all their energy is crammed into a very tiny volume at the moment of impact.

Physicists estimate that the resulting energy density is at least 15 times what is needed to set the quarks and gluons free. These particles immediately begin darting in every direction, bashing into one another repeatedly and thereby reshuffling their energies into a more thermal distribution.

Evidence for the rapid formation of such a hot, dense medium comes from a phenomenon called jet quenching. When two protons collide at high energy, some of their quarks and gluons can meet nearly head-on and rebound, resulting in narrow, back-to-back sprays of hadrons (called jets) blasting out in opposite directions. But the PHENIX and STAR detectors witness only one half of such a pair in collisions between gold nuclei.

The lone jets indicate that individual quarks and gluons are indeed colliding at high energy. But where is the other jet? The rebounding quark or gluon must have plowed into the hot, dense medium just formed; its high energy would then have been dissipated by many close encounters with low-energy quarks and gluons. It is like firing a bullet into a body of water; almost all the bullet's energy is absorbed by slow-moving water molecules, and it cannot punch through to the other side.

Indications of liquidlike behavior of the quark-gluon medium came early in the RHIC experiments, in the form of a phenomenon called elliptic flow. In collisions that occur slightly off-center--which is often the case--the hadrons that emerge reach the detector in an elliptical distribution. More energetic hadrons squirt out within the plane of the interaction than at right angles to it.

The elliptical pattern indicates that substantial pressure gradients must be at work in the quark-gluon medium and that the quarks and gluons from which these hadrons formed were behaving collectively, before reverting back into hadrons. They were acting like a liquid--that is, not a gas. From a gas, the hadrons would emerge uniformly in all directions.

This liquid behaviour of the quark-gluon medium must mean that these particles interact with one another rather strongly during their heady moments of liberation right after formation. The decrease in the strength of their interactions (caused by the asymptotic freedom of QCD) is apparently overwhelmed by a dramatic increase in the number of newly liberated particles.

It is as though our poor prisoners have broken out of their cells, only to find themselves haplessly caught up in a jail-yard crush, jostling with all the other escapees. The resulting tightly coupled dance is exactly what happens in a liquid. This situation conflicts with the naive theoretical picture originally painted of this medium as an almost ideal, weakly interacting gas. And the detailed features of the elliptical asymmetry suggest that this surprising liquid flows with almost no viscosity. It is probably the most perfect liquid ever observed.

The Emerging Theoretical Picture
Calculating the strong interactions occurring in a liquid of quarks and gluons that are squeezed to almost unimaginable densities and exploding outward at nearly the speed of light is an immense challenge.

One approach is to perform brute-force solutions of QCD using huge arrays of microprocessors specially designed for this problem. In this so-called lattice-QCD approach, space is approximated by a discrete lattice of points (imagine a Tinkertoy structure). The QCD equations are solved by successive approximations on the lattice.

Using this technique, theorists have calculated such properties as pressure and energy density as a function of temperature; each of these dramatically increases when hadrons are transformed into a quark-gluon medium. But this method is best suited for static problems in which the medium is in thermodynamic equilibrium, unlike the rapidly changing conditions in RHIC's mini bangs. Even the most sophisticated lattice-QCD calculations have been unable to determine such dynamic features as jet quenching and viscosity. A

lthough the viscosity of a system of strongly interacting particles is expected to be small, it cannot be exactly zero because of quantum mechanics. But answering the question "How low can it go?" has proved notoriously difficult.

Remarkably, help has arrived from an unexpected quarter: string theories of quantum gravity. An extraordinary conjecture by theorist Juan Maldacena of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J., has forged a surprising connection between a theory of strings in a warped five-dimensional space and a QCD-like theory of particles that exist on the four-dimensional boundary of that space [see "The Illusion of Gravity," by Juan Maldacena; Scientific American, November 2005].

The two theories are mathematically equivalent even though they appear to describe radically different realms of physics. When the QCD-like forces get strong, the corresponding string theory becomes weak and hence easier to evaluate. Quantities such as viscosity that are hard to calculate in QCD have counterparts in string theory (in this case, the absorption of gravity waves by a black hole) that are much more tractable.

A very small but nonzero lower limit on what is called the specific viscosity emerges from this approach--only about a tenth of that of superfluid helium. Quite possibly, string theory may help us understand how quarks and gluons behaved during the earliest microseconds of the big bang.

Future Challenges
Astonishingly, the hottest, densest matter ever encountered far exceeds all other known fluids in its approach to perfection. How and why this happens is the great experimental challenge now facing physicists at RHIC. The wealth of data from these experiments is already forcing theorists to reconsider some cherished ideas about matter in the early universe.

In the past, most calculations treated the freed quarks and gluons as an ideal gas instead of a liquid. The theory of QCD and asymptotic freedom are not in any danger--no evidence exists to dispute the fundamental equations. What is up for debate are the techniques and simplifying assumptions used by theorists to draw conclusions from the equations.

To address these questions, experimenters are studying the different kinds of quarks emerging from the mini bangs, especially the heavier varieties. When quarks were originally predicted in 1964, they were thought to occur in three versions: up, down and strange.

With masses below 0.15 GeV, these three species of quarks and their antiquarks are created copiously and in roughly equal numbers in RHIC collisions. Two additional quarks, dubbed charm and bottom, turned up in the 1970s, sporting much greater masses of about 1.6 and 5 GeV, respectively. Because much more energy is required to create these heavy quarks (according to E = mc2), they appear earlier in the mini bangs (when energy densities are higher) and much less often.

This rarity makes them valuable tracers of the flow patterns and other properties that develop early in the evolution of a mini bang.

The PHENIX and STAR experiments are well suited for such detailed studies because they can detect high-energy electrons and other particles called muons that often emerge from decays of these heavy quarks. Physicists then trace these and other decay particles back to their points of origin, providing crucial information about the heavy quarks that spawned them. With their greater masses, heavy quarks can have different flow patterns and behavior than their far more abundant cousins. Measuring these differences should help tease out precise values for the tiny residual viscosity anticipated.

Charm quarks have another characteristic useful for probing the quark-gluon medium. Usually about 1 percent of them are produced in a tight embrace with a charm antiquark, forming a neutral particle called the J/psi. The separation between the two partners is only about a third the radius of a proton, so the rate of J/psi production should be sensitive to the force between quarks at short distances.

Theorists expect this force to fall off because the surrounding swarm of light quarks and gluons will tend to screen the charm quark and antiquark from each other, leading to less J/psi production. Recent PHENIX results indicate that J/psi particles do indeed dissolve in the fluid, similar to what was observed earlier at CERN, the European laboratory for particle physics near Geneva [see "Fireballs of Free Quarks," by Graham P. Collins, News and Analysis; Scientific American, April 2000]. Even greater J/psi suppression was expected to occur at RHIC because of the higher densities involved, but early results suggest some competing mechanism, such as reformation of J/psi particles, may occur at these densities. Further measurements will focus on this mystery by searching for other pairs of heavy quarks and observing whether and how their production is suppressed.

myspace layouts, myspace codes, glitter graphics

Another approach being pursued is to try to view the quark-gluon fluid by its own light. A hot broth of these particles should shine briefly, like the flash of a lightning bolt, because it emits high-energy photons that escape the medium unscathed. Just as astronomers measure the temperature of a distant star from its spectrum of light emission, physicists are trying to employ these energetic photons to determine the temperature of the quark-gluon fluid. But measuring this spectrum has thus far proved enormously challenging because many other photons are generated by the decay of hadrons called neutral pions. Although those photons are produced long after the quark-gluon fluid has reverted to hadrons, they all look the same when they arrive at the detectors.

Many physicists are now preparing for the next energy frontier at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. Starting in 2008, experiments there will observe collisions of lead nuclei at combined energies exceeding one million GeV. An international team of more than 1,000 physicists is building the mammoth ALICE detector, which will combine the capabilities of the PHENIX and STAR detectors in a single experiment. The mini bangs produced by the LHC will briefly reach several times the energy density that occurs in RHIC collisions, and the temperatures reached therein should easily surpass 10 trillion degrees. Physicists will then be able to simulate and study conditions that occurred during the very first microsecond of the big bang.

The overriding question is whether the liquidlike behavior witnessed at RHIC will persist at the higher temperatures and densities encountered at the LHC. Some theorists project that the force between quarks will become weak once their average energy exceeds 1 GeV, which will occur at the LHC, and that the quark-gluon plasma will finally start behaving properly--like a gas, as originally expected. Others are less sanguine. They maintain that the QCD force cannot fall off fast enough at these higher energies, so the quarks and gluons should remain tightly coupled in their liquid embrace. On this issue, we must await the verdict of experiment, which may well bring other surprises.

Further sources & reading:
Color Glass Condensate by Plato
Attributes of Superfluids by Plato
The Right Spin for Neutrino Superfluid by Plato
Supersolid, Quantum Crystal, A Bose-Einstein Condensate in Solid
The right spin for a neutrino superfluid
CERN Courier


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Saturday, July 22, 2006

Purest Gold


A Yaqui way of knowledge

Anything is one of a million paths.

Therefore you must always keep in mind that a path is only a path; if you feel you should not follow it, you must not stay with it under any conditions. To have such clarity you must lead a disciplined life. Only then will you know that any path is only a path and there is no affront, to oneself or to others, in dropping it if that is what your heart tells you to do. But your decision to keep on the path or to leave it must be free of fear or ambition. I warn you. Look at every path closely and deliberately. Try it as many times as you think necessary.

This question is one that only a very old man asks. Does this path have a heart? All paths are the same: they lead nowhere. They are paths going through the bush, or into the bush. In my own life I could say I have traversed long long paths, but I am not anywhere. Does this path have a heart? If it does, the path is good; if it doesn't, it is of no use. Both paths lead nowhere; but one has a heart, the other doesn't. One makes for a joyful journey; as long as you follow it, you are one with it. The other will make you curse your life. One makes you strong; the other weakens you.

Before you embark on any path ask the question:
Does this path have a heart?

If the answer is no, you will know it, and then you must choose another path. The trouble is nobody asks the question; and when a man finally realizes that he has taken a path without a heart, the path is ready to kill him. At that point very few men can stop to deliberate, and leave the path. A path without a heart is never enjoyable. You have to work hard even to take it. On the other hand, a path with heart is easy; it does not make you work at liking it.

I have told you that to choose a path you must be free from fear and ambition. The desire to learn is not ambition. It is our lot as men to want to know.

The path without a heart will turn against men and destroy them. It does not take much to die, and to seek death is to seek nothing.

Carlos Castaneda - The teachings of Don Juan
prismagems castaneda

aural delights by Modyfier - Modifying San Francisco, California

Friday, July 21, 2006

Universe mapping

The Chapter of Not Letting the Soul of a Man Be Snatched Away from Him: I, even I, am he who cometh forth from the Celestial Water (Akeb). He (Akeb) produced abundance for me, and hath the mastery there in the form of the River.

Papyri of Ani - evansville educ


In supersymmetric theories, every fundamental particle has a superpartner. If the vacuum state happens to be supersymmetric, this would mean superpartners would have the same mass as their ordinary partners, which is clearly ruled out by experiment. Hence, the vacuum must have broken supersymmetry. Either we assume the vacuum is degenerate and SUSY is broken spontaneously, or we add soft SUSY breaking terms which break SUSY explicitly, making it an approximate symmetry. The latter approach is often preferred.

To incorporate supersymmetry into particle physics, the Standard Model must be extended to include at least twice as many particles, since none of the particles in the Standard Model can be superpartners of each other, because they have incompatible masses and quantum numbers.

With the addition of the new particles, there are many possible new interactions. The simplest possible supersymmetric model consistent with the Standard Model is the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). However, the MSSM appears to be unnatural in a number of ways, and many physicists doubt that it will be the correct theory.

A possibility in some supersymmetric models is the existence of very heavy stable particles (such as neutralinos) which would be WIMPs (weakly interacting massive particles). These would be candidates for dark matter.
For more on Supersymmetry visit wikipedia

Evaluating extreme approaches
by Lubos Motl

Pic: Origin of the Universe
from plus maths org

In the context of quantum gravity, many of us more or less secretly believe another version of the bootstrap. I think that most of the real big shots in string theory are convinced that all of string theory is exactly the same thing as all consistent backgrounds of quantum gravity. By a consistent quantum theory of gravity, we mean e.g. a unitary S-matrix with some analytical conditions implied by locality or approximate locality, with gravitons in the spectrum that reproduce low-energy semiclassical general relativity, and with black hole microstates that protect the correct high-energy behavior of the scattering that can also be derived from a semi-classical description of general relativity, especially from the black hole physics.

The worldvolumes
are spacetimes of other string theories, and so on
The paradigm of multiple quantization is also closely related to another "big idea" that is probably the most favorite of mine in this whole list. Perturbative string theory shows that the fields in spacetime are not yet fundamental: they are described by states of a more fundamental theory that lives on the two-dimensional worldsheet. Now, the two-dimensional worldsheet is described by a two-dimensional gravitational conformal field theory. Although gravity can be more or less described by a local field theory in less than four dimensions - because it has no real physics in it - you could still argue that the right way to describe a gravitational theory should be in terms of string theory. The worldsheet should be a spacetime of another string theory. And perhaps, this step could continue infinitely many times.

More on black hole final state referencing by Plato
More on Evaluating extreme approaches by Lubos Motl
Quote of the Day:
The best way to make your dreams come true is to wake up.
Paul Valery more Famous Quotes

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Thursday, July 20, 2006

Panning for Gold

Panning for Gold conference slac stanford edu

Panning for gold and more about LHC by JoAnne from SLAC

Any discovery or non-discovery at the LHC has zero implications for strings or LQG. This is particularly true for the Higgs. The only true exception is if TeV scale strings are discovered - that has obvious implications for string theory. Some will claim victory for string theory if supersymmetry is discovered. However, TeV scale supersymmetry can exist quite happily on its own merits without strings, so the discovery of supersymmetry at the LHC does not imply that string theory is correct. Proof of the existence of supersymmetry is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for proof of the existence of strings. Also, keep in mind that string theory does not require that supersymmetry be present at the TeV scale.


In supersymmetric theories, every fundamental particle has a superpartner. If the vacuum state happens to be supersymmetric, this would mean superpartners would have the same mass as their ordinary partners, which is clearly ruled out by experiment. Hence, the vacuum must have broken supersymmetry. Either we assume the vacuum is degenerate and SUSY is broken spontaneously, or we add soft SUSY breaking terms which break SUSY explicitly, making it an approximate symmetry. The latter approach is often preferred.

For more on Supersymmetry visit wikipedia

Image: ALFRED T. KAMAJIAN @ essentia holographic spacetime

Information in the Holographic Universe:
A Holographic Spacetime By Jacob D. Bekenstein

TWO UNIVERSES of different dimension and obeying disparate physical laws are rendered completely equivalent by the holographic principle. Theorists have demonstrated this principle mathematically for a specific type of five-dimensional spacetime ("anti–de Sitter") and its four-dimensional boundary. In effect, the 5-D universe is recorded like a hologram on the 4-D surface at its periphery. Superstring theory rules in the 5-D spacetime, but a so-called conformal field theory of point particles operates on the 4-D hologram. A black hole in the 5-D spacetime is equivalent to hot radiation on the hologram--for example, the hole and the radiation have the same entropy even though the physical origin of the entropy is completely different for each case. Although these two descriptions of the universe seem utterly unalike, no experiment could distinguish between them, even in principle.

black hole final state referencing by Plato

The Black Hole Final State
Gary T. Horowitz (1) and Juan Maldacena (2)
(1) University of California at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara CA 93106, USA
(2) Institute for Advanced Study Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA

We propose that in quantum gravity one needs to impose a final state boundary condition at black hole singularities. This resolves the apparent contradiction between string theory and semiclassical arguments over whether black hole evaporation is unitary.

The purpose of this note is to provide a possible answer to this question. Rather than the radical modification of quantum mechanics required for pure states to evolve into mixed states, we adopt a more mild modification. We propose that at the black hole singularity one needs to impose a unique final state boundary condition.

More precisely, we have a unique final wavefunction for the interior of the black hole. Here we are putting a final state boundary condition on part of the system, the interior of the black hole. This final boundary condition makes sure that no information is “absorbed” by the singularity.
Full pdf @ hep-th 0310/0310281

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Peaceful Rest

By Nils UDO

If a picture speaks a thousand words

There is a place I go, should I let you know
A place where I go to rest My Mind, Body & Soul
Belles Images by zimages zimages Paris, France.

Wednesday, July 19, 2006

Treasure hidden

Searching maps
for hidden treasure
Searching maps
for hidden secrets
and hidden dimensions
Johnny Depp as Captain Sparrow in Pirates of The Caribbean

Does this scribble on a tattered
piece of paper hold the hidden
secrets of the universe

What do YOU see?

ucsb edu - online lecture - pic 27


Nature has written a wonderful mystery.
The plot continually changes and the most important clues come from seemingly unrelated investigations. These sudden and drastic changes of scientic scene appear to be Nature's way of revealing the unity of all fundamental science.

The mystery begins in the middle of the nineteenth century with the puzzle: How does the sun shine? Almost immediately, the plot switches to questions about how fast natural selection occurs and at what rate geological formations are created.

The best theoretical physics of the nineteenth century gave the wrong answer to all these questions. The first hint of the correct answer came, at the very end of the nineteenth century, from the discovery of radioactivity with accidentally darkened photographic plates.

The right direction in which to search for the detailed solution was revealed by the 1905 discovery of the special theory of relativity, by the 1920 measurement of the nuclear masses of hydrogen and helium, and by the 1928 quantum mechanical explanation of how charged particles get close to each other.

These crucial investigations were not directly related to the study of stars. By the middle of the twentieth century, nuclear physicists and astrophysicists could calculate theoretically the rate of nuclear burning in the interiors of stars like the sun.

But, just when we thought we had Nature figured out, experiments showed that fewer solar neutrinos were observed at earth than were predicted by the standard theory of how stars shine and how sub-atomic particles behave.

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, we have learned that solar neutrinos tell us not only about the interior of the sun, but also something about the nature of neutrinos. No one knows what surprises will be revealed by the new solar neutrino experiments that are currently underway or are planned.

The richness and the humor with which Nature has written her mystery, in an international language that can be read by curious people of all nations, is beautiful, awesome, and humbling.
For full pdf visit: sns ias edu Nobelmuseum

For a fun icecream flavoured view
of neutrinos visit Bee's Backreaction
More on john bahcall and neutrinos
and early universe formation from Plato

Tuesday, July 18, 2006

Treasure Maps

Searching maps
for hidden treasure
and hidden dimensions
Captain Sparrow from Pirates of The Caribbean

Quote of the Day:
The darkest places in hell are reserved for those
who maintain their neutrality in times of moral crisis.
Dante Alighieri more Famous Quotes
Even darker is the hell reserved for those who apply double
standards or use double speak to justify their actions Quasar9

Monday, July 17, 2006

Gold Ions Collision

Side view gold ions collision RHIC

Quote of the Day:
Research is what I'm doing when I don't know what I'm doing.
Wernher von Braun more Famous Quotes
Re-search is what I do when I'm searching for that
which is hidden, unfound, lost or forgotten Quasar9

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Friday, July 14, 2006

Pillars of Creation

For full size image click on:

Gas Pillars in the Eagle Nebula (M16):
Pillars of Creation in a Star-Forming Region
Take a Tour of Stellar Spire in the Eagle Nebula m16

"Equipped with all their sensors, man & woman explore
-the universe around them and call the adventure Science."
"The history of astronomy is a history of receding horizons."
"The universe is unfolding as it should."
"Observations always involve theory."

For more fascinating images visit: hubblesite gallery
Quote of the Day:
My formula for living is quite simple.
I get up in the morning and I go to bed at night.
In between, I occupy myself as best I can.
Cary Grant

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Thursday, July 13, 2006

Strings in the Universe

Credits for X-ray Image: NASA/CXC/ASU/J. Hester et al.

Weber's Oscillations
In the late 1950s, Weber became intrigued by the relationship between gravitational theory and laboratory experiments. His book, General Relativity and Gravitational Radiation, was published in 1961, and his paper describing how to build a gravitational wave detector first appeared in 1969. Weber's first detector consisted of a freely suspended aluminium cylinder weighing a few tonnes. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Weber announced that he had recorded simultaneous oscillations in detectors 1000 km apart, waves he believed originated from an astrophysical event. Many physicists were sceptical about the results, but these early experiments initiated research into gravitational waves that is still ongoing. Current gravitational wave experiments, such as the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA), are descendants of Weber's original work.

Renaud Parentani's high frequencies
The study of acoustic black holes has been undertaken to provide new insights about the role of high frequencies in black hole evaporation. Because of the infinite gravitational redshift from the event horizon, Hawking quanta emerge from configurations which possessed ultra high (trans-Planckian) frequencies. Therefore Hawking radiation cannot be derived within the framework of a low energy effective theory; and in all derivations there are some assumptions concerning Planck scale physics. The analogy with condensed matter physics was thus introduced to see if the asymptotic properties of the Hawking phonons emitted by an acoustic black hole, namely stationarity and thermality, are sensitive to the high frequency physics which stems from the granular character of matter and which is governed by a non-linear dispersion relation. In 1995 Unruh showed that they are not sensitive in this respect, in spite of the fact that phonon propagation near the (acoustic) horizon drastically differs from that of photons. In 2000 the same analogy was used to establish the robustness of the spectrum of primordial density fluctuations in inflationary models. This analogy is currently stimulating research for experimenting Hawking radiation. Finally it could also be a useful guide for going beyond the semi-classical description of black hole evaporation.

Boltzmann had one–the theory of molecules. We needed a microscopic theory for black holes that had to have three characteristics: One, it had to include quantum mechanics. Two, it obviously had to include gravity, because black holes are the quintessential gravitational objects. And three, it had to be a theory in which we would be able to do the hard computations of strong interactions. I say strong interactions because the forces inside a black hole are large, and whenever you have a system in which forces are large it becomes hard to do a calculation.

String Theory
String theory grew out of attempts to find a simple and elegant way to account for the diversity of particles and forces observed in our universe. The starting point was to assume that there might be a way to account for that diversity in terms of a single fundamental physical entity (string) that can exist in many "vibrational" states. The various allowed vibrational states of string could theoretically account for all the observed particles and forces. Unfortunately, there are many potential string theories and no simple way of finding the one that accounts for the way things are in our universe.
One way to make progress is to assume that our universe arose through a process involving an initial hyperspace with supersymmetry that, upon cooling, underwent a unique process of symmetry breaking. The symmetry breaking process resulted in conventional 4 dimensional extended space-time AND some combination of additional compact dimensions.
Quote of the Day:
We have, I fear, confused power with greatness.
Stewart L. Udall
For further reading please visit:
grand quantum conjecture by Plato
bumblebee wing rotations and dancing by Plato

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Tuesday, July 11, 2006

White Star

Dwarf or White Star graphic by uwec edu Physics 315

The graphic shows spiral shock waves in a three dimensional simulation of an accretion disk -- material swirling onto a compact central object that could represent a white dwarf star, neutron star, or black hole. Such accretion disks power bright x-ray sources within our own galaxy. They form in binary star systems which consist of a donor star (not shown above), supplying the accreting material, and a compact object whose strong gravity ultimately draws the material towards its surface.

New observations are shedding light on how black holes acquire mass. Black holes have a bad reputation for sucking in entire galactic neighborhoods. Yet unlike Wall Street and other earthbound black holes, their evil clutches only reach so far.

After all, gravity's strength is determined by mass and distance. If the Sun suddenly collapsed into a black hole, Earth would keep right on orbiting. We wouldn't suddenly fall in. A year would still be 365 days, however chilly.

Scientists really don't know how matter spiraling around a black hole in an accretion disk suddenly plunges into the void. Like a planet around a star, matter in an accretion disk will orbit a black hole until it loses its angular momentum. Is matter closest to the black hole pushed in by incoming matter? Do magnetic fields, torque, or radiation pressure create instabilities in the disk, causing the matter to spiral inward? New observations of accretion disks are providing insight.

Regardless of size, black holes easily acquire accretion disks. Supermassive black holes can feast on the bountiful interstellar gas in galactic nuclei. Small black holes formed from collapsing stars often belong to binary systems in which a bulging companion star can spill some of its gas into the black hole's reach. In the chaotic mess of the accretion disk, atoms collide with one another. Swirling plasma reaches speeds upward of 10% that of light and glows brightly in many wavebands, particularly in X-rays. Gas gets blown back by a wind of radiation from the inner disk. New material enters the disks from different directions.

"We know that all the material can't possibly behave itself in a nice, orderly fashion," says Ian George of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC). But what is perplexing, says George, is the regularity of some systems, where the disk can empty into the black hole as if on cue.

Black holes often shoot out jets of material
perpendicular to their accretion disks.

Alan Marscher of Boston University has monitored one supermassive black hole that sucks in and squirts out matter at regular intervals. About every 10 months, Marscher found that the inner accretion disk around a black hole in galaxy 3C120 disappears as jets of matter shoot out from the black hole perpendicular to the disk. "Slowly the accretion disk will fill with more interstellar gas until about 10 months later, when something disturbs the accretion disk orbit, and the whole thing flushes and blows again," says Marscher.
Image and text from NASA Solar System

But what causes this flushing? A few years back, scientists spotted the same process in a nearby stellar black hole system called GRS 1915+105, dubbed the Old Faithful Black Hole. Here, steady, incoming gas from a companion star adds enough matter to the outer disk to cause the entire inner disk to dump over the event horizon.

For supermassive black holes, there is no single, steady source to ensure regularity. One would think the flow should be random. John Hawley of the University of Virginia has developed models and computer simulations of disk instabilities for a variety of black-hole systems. He proposes that large systems possess thermal instabilities, which could lead to regularity.

These huge accretion disks, often spanning well over a light-year, vary greatly in density and temperature from the outer to inner edges. Like a weather system following the physics of high- and low-pressure currents, pools of plasma might form in specific regions, giving the matter in the inner disk that final, fatal push.

Jane Turner of UMBC, along with George and several others, may have spotted a prime source of this disk instability: breaks in magnetic fields at specific radii away from the black-hole event horizon. In June, Turner published the results of a dual observation with NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory and ESA's XMM-Newton satellite of a supermassive black hole in galaxy NGC 3516. Her team found evidence of X-ray flaring in the accretion disk at distances of 35 and 175 times the black-hole radius.

The flares are likely caused by a snap in the black hole's magnetic field as the disk swirls. These snaps stress the accretion disk, creating hot spots and ripples that perhaps ultimately churn to tidal waves in the disk, sending matter screaming into the black hole. "Observations such as these might be providing our first glimpse of the structure of a real accretion flow," says George.
More detailed observations will surely come through the exquisite resolution afforded by the new generation of X-ray telescopes and the Very Long Baseline Array, a continent-wide string of radio telescopes.

Scientists need to study a variety of black holes — big and small, bright and dim, voracious and dieting — to understand the observed disparity in accretion flows. In the end, crazy black hole accretion might be more predictable than the stock market.

"For everyone, as I think, must see that astronomy compels the soul to look upwards and leads us from this world to another." Plato
For further reading please visit:
Quantum character of blackholes by Adam D Helfer
strangelets-do-not-exist by Plato
Properties of nuclear matter at high densities by Columbia University

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Monday, July 10, 2006

Event Horizon

Picture from Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC Black Holes

On earth the horizon, or periphery of our vision is determined by the earth's curvature, and by altitude. Hence when you stand at sea level the horizon or periphery of vision is shorter than if you are on a plane at 30,000 feet, and shorter again than if you are on a satellite in geoorbit. Whereas this horizon limit is totally different if you are looking at earth from a telescope on the moon.

Cosmic Event Horizon
The Cosmic event horizon, is the periphery after which we cannot see beyond, with present instrumentation, and from where we 'stand'

Blackhole Event Horizon
By some (observers outside the event) attributed to be at the centre or 'hole' of a black hole, by others explained as the periphery of the space previously occupied by a Star or Sun which has exploded or imploded, gone supernova. ie: the debris & nebula surrounding the space where once the star or sun stood (existed).

A black hole is an object so massive that even light cannot escape from it. This requires the idea of a gravitational mass for a photon, which then allows the calculation of an escape energy for an object of that mass. When the escape energy is equal to the photon energy, the implication is that the object is a "black hole".
When it was discovered that black holes can decay by quantum processes, it was also discovered that black holes seem to have the thermodynamic properties of temperature and entropy. The temperature of the black hole is inversely proportional to its mass, so the black hole gets hotter and hotter as it decays.
The rapid deceleration of RHIC ions as they smash into each other for a very short period of time (about 10^(-23) second) is similar to the extreme gravitational environment in the vicinity of a black hole. This means that RHIC collisions should emit a bunch of thermal particles similar to the “Hawking radiation” emitted by a black hole. Since Hawking radiation is the cause of black hole decay, not formation, its existence would be yet another reason that RHIC cannot produce a real gravitational black hole.

The Universe from a blackhole? ... hmmm
I am still not convinced that the Big Bang theory will give us a clear, real or true picture of the Universe. That it came from a blackhole would certainly fit in nicely and agree with Lee Smolin's view of blackholes leading to other 'pocket' universes.

I do not view The Cosmic Event Horizon as the same as the event horizon of a blackhole, ie we are not inside an atom, and the event horizon is not our 'physical' periphery, but our 'perceived' periphery, our instrumental periphery well beyond the range of the naked eye.

If you travelled to The Even Horizon you would still be able to see back to where you came from (halfways) and further on into the Cosmos, the event horizon effectively would be moving with you. In fact you would still be in the same Cosmos (Universe) just seeing a further section hidden to us (here) by the event horizon. And you will not see this additional portion of the cosmos inside a 'collider' but travelling space with 'probes' and eventually in manned spaceships. In the meantime we conduct experimental physics and theorize on the concepts as determined either by the limitations in knowledge of the observer, or the limitations of technology and present instrumentation.

I do not dispute the cosmos beyond the event horizon ...
I do not even dispute parallel worlds or 'pocket universes', terms used by both Susskind & Smolin, to describe the as yet 'unknown' or 'unseen' Universe. What I do dispute is that the cosmos beyond the event horizon are parallel universes, they are just more planets, galaxies & Cosmos, beyond the event horizon, in the One Universe or Susskind's Megaverse.

The 'other' dimensions' are around us. The snake does not see the world or 'dimensions' we SEE, the fly does not see the world or 'dimensions' we SEE, and creatures in the bottom of the Ocean probably have no idea whatsoever of the world we SEE, or the dimensions we live in.

Even the cells and DNA in our body ARE in a different dimension ... We are a veritable walking, talking, breathing pocket universe or Paradise Island, where these cells & DNA thrive in, or destroy through triggers or rebellion (cancer, fever, ageing...)

Blackholes: Holes or Singularities
We've established that blackholes, whether they be 'holes' or 'singularities' do not intrinsically or effectively affect (change) String Theory. Not forgetting of course that any thing or force in space, whether in a regular orbit or moving unpredictably randomly (chaotically) has en effect and does affect everything 'smaller' in its path, and those 'larger' to a lesser extent.

What I am trying to establish is whether a blackhole is a 'hole' or 'singularity'

If it is a hole, or some tornado like vortex moving through space moving matter (like cows or rooftops) from one place to another in SPACE, as tornadoes do on earth. Is its 'mouth' held in a regular or constant orbit, only its tail wipping around violently, or is the whole thing running loose, with no defined orbit or trajectory.

or is it a 'singularity' from which nothing not even light can escape, producing gravitational pull by its sheer mass and density. And is this singularity held in a constant or regular orbit, and therefore its coordinates can be established like static sea & ocean whirlpools, or are they moving too.

Blackholes or singularities, and their event horizon, are not to be confused with the Event Horizon of the known Cosmos, unless you believe we are living in a blackhole.

I repeat if we travel thru space towards the periphery, the periphery would move further out.
By all means, I love Lisa Randall's dimensions, but these do not prove Susskind's eggtray of pocket universes beyond himalayan ridges, nor Smolin's pocket universes thru blackholes that are holes.

Is Earth (or any other planet) a hole in the universe. Is a Star or a Sun. Then when they go supernova we have a space in that Space. Hole is an unfortunate and misleading term.

When a Star or Sun goes supernova, ie: explodes and/or implodes, the event horizon for the space vacated is the debri or nebulae circulating around the periphery of the space vacated, not the centre of the space vacated, regardless of whether you believe there is a singularity or not in this centre.

Is our 'cosmic' event horizon the centre of the earth, or the periphery of the known or visible (measurable) Cosmos?

We need to recognise in physics, that that which we believe or perveive to be true in our minds, can influence where we look or what we search for, but cannot ultimately impose itself on the 'physical' realty. Therefore if I believe that the centre of blackhole is a hole to some 'unseen' other world, I will inevitably look for evidence to prove the existence of that hole. However if I should find that the centre is a massive (of great mass) high density compressed remains of a previous Star or Sun gone supernova - this only effectively changes the evidence or perceived physics in that space in Space, and does not effectively alter the laws of physics around it in the greater Space.

One thing is to try and understand the laws of physics, beyond the known limits, by constructing models, graphics, simulations and experiments to aid us in our search or discovery. Another thing altogether is to create laws or formulae to fit our models, and theories which may not only be inconsistent with our 'perceived' reality, but actual physical reality.

Ultimately physics may have to reconsider its perceptions:

(A) That the laws of physics define parallel world or pocket universes into some of which humans cannot travel to, in human shape or form - though you can look down a microscope. You can miniaturise instruments, we have the beginings of nano-technology. But even if you can build a nano-spaceship, how do you miniaturise humans to fit into them?

(B) That the observable physical Universe may well be limited to a 3D Universe or Cosmos and 'almost infinite' planets and galaxies, into which some time in the future when knowledge and technology allows, man travels through T (TIME).

All that aside from what we search for at microscopic and subatomic level, and at the bottom of the Ocean. And incidentally, is it beyond our capabilities, did we give up on exploring the possibility of The Journey to the Centre of the Earth?

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Sunday, July 09, 2006

Paradise Isle

Isla de Tesoros

I am the Island risen from the deep,
that comes to offer you refuge.
On my beach you will find the calm,
the rest you sought in the storm.

If you leave your fears on the sand,
and dare to delve further in my depths,
in your quest you'll soon find,
with no need for hidden maps,

you'll soon discover and see come forth,
from the very centre of this treasure isle
a treasure trove brimming ... My love.

A love, like lava from a live volcano,
waiting to flow rapidly towards
the intrepid navigator whose efforts
do merit and know thus love to conquer.

Copyright @ Trini Reina poemasdeshanna
Isla de Tesoros pic courtesy of
Trini Reina

Saturday, July 08, 2006

Cosmic Repair

Coming Storm

It is from below that the movement starts, and thereafter is all perfected. If the community of People failed to initiate the impulse, the One above would also not move to go to the People. It is thus the yearning from below which brings about the completion above.

I heard a convincing argument.
It concerned the strange thoughts which come to a man in the midst of his prayer. They come from the mystery of the broken vessels and the 288 sparks which need to be clarified everyday. They appear in order to be repaired and elevated. The strange thought which appears one day is different from that of another day. I was taught that one must pay close attention to this matter. Thus I learned how to repair these thoughts, even if they are thoughts about women. One should elevate all thoughts and make them cleave to their source, The Divine Emanation.

The Soul descended from its glorious abode and became enrobed in the physical, so that no matter what noble spiritual perceptions the soul reaches, once robed in the physical, these perceptions are all subject to the limitations of time and space.

Seeking thus to mine the wealth of one's soul,
thus may one approach the Soul of the Universe.

Photo of Coming Storm, Newport Beach California by
Rob Harrington @ Controlled Chaos